Treasures of the Ancient World Carved Into Rock
In India, there is a greater variety and quantity of rock-cut architecture than anywhere else. Indian rock-cut architecture is mostly religious in nature as caves are considered sacred, regardless of whether they are natural or man-made. The earliest rock-cut structures date back to the 3rd to 2nd century BCE and were built by Buddhist monks. Unlike the Egyptian and Turkish examples above, these structures were not tombs or monuments but actual living spaces with kitchens, living areas, sleeping quarters and monastic spaces.