16 Apr '11, 5pm
Istanbul: A City Growing in 'Overdrive'
"Old Istanbul," the capital of three empires, measured just 1,400 hectares (5 square miles); the modern city sprawls over 300,000 hectares (1,158 square miles) -- more by some measures. Obviously the ancient city was not planned for cars, but it truly was meant for pedestrians: In Ottoman times, only the most privileged even had horses. Perhaps just as important, one historian notes in the film, the "city's economy was dependent on the palace until the 19th century -- it consumed, it didn't produce." When the nascent Turkish Republic moved the power Istanbul had enjoyed for centuries to Ankara in 1923, "Istanbul had to redefine itself in industrial terms."